The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) states in 2020, 40.3 million people ages 12 and older had a substance abuse disorder. Substance abuse can lead to significant health, relationship, and financial issues. Seeking substance abuse treatment in Texas can help break the cycle of drug and alcohol addiction.
Like with any illness, it is crucial to get the proper treatment for substance abuse. The best treatment centers create individual treatment plans for each person entering treatment. With the combination of our therapists and various treatment options and your desire for sobriety, LUNA Recovery Services can help you achieve lifelong recovery.
Dependency, substance abuse, and addiction are closely related. However, there are key differences between them. Knowing the differences is important when seeking treatment programs.
What is Substance Abuse?
Although substance abuse is different than addiction, it is still concerning and not something to shy away from. Substance abuse is using a substance in a way other than intended and overusing a substance. For example, if you are prescribed a painkiller and take it at higher doses or more often than prescribed, this is substance abuse. Dependency on a drug or abusing a drug doesn’t mean that one is addicted, but repeated abuse of a substance does commonly lead to addiction.
Many people who abuse substances can change and even quit their unhealthy behaviors. For example, binge drinking is a form of substance abuse. Even when people binge drink once or twice a month, it can have consequences. When a person doesn’t like the consequences, they can quit binge drinking.
Behavioral signs that you or a loved one is struggling with substance abuse include:
- Missing work or school regularly
- Irritable, moody
- Isolating from friends and family
- Ignoring daily responsibilities
- Denying drug use
What is Addiction?
The National Institute on Drug Abuse states addiction differs from substance abuse in that addiction is a chronic disease that is difficult to control. Abusing substances such as drugs and alcohol can cause chemical changes in the brain, which lead to addiction.
When substance abuse turns into addiction, the individual can no longer quit or change their behaviors without help. The changes in the brain made by drug and alcohol addiction can leave a person feeling helpless and having no control over their addictive behaviors.
When substance abuse turns into addiction, people often feel like there is no way out. Drug and alcohol addiction seems to be controlling every aspect of their life. But, there is hope with substance abuse treatment in Texas at LUNA Recovery Services.
Addiction is a Complex But Treatable Disease
Addiction or substance use disorder (SUD) is a complex chronic brain disease. It is characterized by uncontrollable cravings and compulsive drug-seeking habits, and drug use despite the devastating consequences.
There are various causes and risk factors that contribute to a person developing a substance use disorder which may include:
- Genetics and family history of substance abuse
- Easy access to drugs or alcohol
- Abusing substances at a young age
- Lack of parental supervision
- History of abuse or neglect
- Volatile home environment
- Untreated or undiagnosed mental health issues
But, addiction is treatable. Recovery is obtainable by addressing the underlying causes of substance use disorder with therapy, psychotherapy, and other treatment methods.
How Addiction Works
Before talking about the types of drug and alcohol addictions, it is important to know how the cycle of addiction develops.
Drugs and alcohol affect the reward system in the brain. Dopamine is released when you do something pleasurable like hanging with friends or playing sports. But when you use drugs and alcohol, it causes a rush of dopamine, causing immense pleasure or euphoria. The brain remembers this feeling and drives a person to seek that substance again.
The brain desires the euphoric feeling from previous drugs and alcohol use. These desires can trigger cravings, especially if you are in the same environment. For instance, you are at a party where you used drugs or alcohol. Often, cravings are the first sign of addiction.
The more a person abuses substances, the more dopamine the brain produces. But, this also interferes with normal dopamine releases. As a result, people may not find happiness in things that once made them happy.
This leads to using more of the substance to feel the same effects. Building a tolerance to drugs or alcohol is another sign of substance use disorder.
A key characteristic of addiction is the inability to control substance use and the behaviors involved in substance abuse despite the consequences. This can include health issues, job loss, and relationship problems.
If you still choose to abuse drugs and alcohol despite all the negatives, you should seek help at a Texas rehab.
One consequence of abusing substances is the brain rewarding the harmful behavior. The brain encourages substance use by keeping people on an emotional rollercoaster until they consume the substance. A person with addiction typically struggles to function normally without their substance of choice.
When people stop using, they start having mental, physical, and emotional withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the substance being abused, the withdrawal symptoms can be severe and even life-threatening. Medical detox is the safest way to withdraw and is offered at most rehabilitation facilities.
Signs and Symptoms of Substance Use Disorder
The American Addiction Centers state that signs of substance use disorder include frequent intoxication, being hungover, and paraphernalia. Signs can also include behavioral changes and other signs such as:
- Developing a tolerance to the substance
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms without the substance
- Mood swings, irritability
- Lack of motivation
- Unable to stop even when you want to
- The substance consumes your life
- Inability to complete daily tasks
- Relationship issues
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Appetite changes
- Decline in self-care
- Financial problems
Different drugs produce different signs of intoxication, side effects, and withdrawal symptoms. That is why seeking help from addiction specialists is so important. However, addiction treatment is not one-size-fits-all and greatly depends on the substance being abused.
Common Addictions Treated in Treatment Centers
Most people know that illicit or illegal drugs are addictive. But, some people don’t realize legal drugs are also addictive. All drugs contain chemicals that cause changes in the brain. Besides easing pain, drugs can cause euphoria, alleviate stress, and help avoid problems in life.
Alcohol addiction or alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a mental health disorder according to the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and causes lasting changes to brain function. Because of these changes, people struggle to stop using alcohol despite the negative consequences.
Symptoms of alcohol use disorder can range from mild to severe and can affect a person’s daily life along with their mental and physical health. Many people struggle to keep their jobs, maintain parental responsibilities, and even face legal trouble.
To diagnose alcohol use disorder, medical professionals look for the following signs:
- Drinking more often and in larger quantities than intended
- Inability to stop when intended
- Most of the day is spent recovering from drinking, buying alcohol, and drinking.
- Intense cravings
- Neglecting other responsibilities
- Relationship problems
- Continuing to drink despite mental and physical issues
- Risky behaviors while intoxicated
- Increased tolerance
- Withdrawal symptoms when stopping
While a person only needs two signs for an alcohol use disorder diagnosis, having more symptoms could mean a more severe disorder. Texas residents can find compassionate care and treatment at LUNA Recovery Services.
Opioids include prescription pain medications and illicit drugs such as heroin. These drugs are highly addictive, even in short-term use. It is crucial only to use opioids as prescribed to minimize the risk of addiction.
Opioid use disorder (OUD) or opioid addiction is a chronic disorder that can cause long-term changes to the brain. Opioid addiction is one of the most challenging addictions to overcome, and unfortunately, the risk of overdose is extremely high.
Signs of opioid use disorder include:
- Inability to stop using opioids
- Uncontrollable cravings
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Weight loss
- Frequently experiencing flu-like symptoms
- Lack of self-care
- Isolating from friends and family
- Financial trouble
- Stealing from family, friends, or business
- Extreme withdrawal symptoms without the drug
Treatment for opioid use disorder may include medical detox, individual and group therapy, and treating co-occurring disorders. Treating opioid addiction often includes medication-assisted treatment to ease long-lasting withdrawal symptoms.
Cocaine, a white powdery substance, reacts with the central nervous system (CNS) and produces energy and euphoria. Although it is typically snorted, it can also be smoked or dissolved in water and injected.
Cocaine causes a dopamine release in the brain, making people feel good. However, long-term use can lead to severe issues such as genetic changes in brain cells, nerve cells, and proteins. Cocaine addiction also causes strain on the heart leading to stroke or cardiac arrest.
Attending an inpatient treatment program can help individuals learn healthy coping skills and build the tools needed for lasting recovery.
Benzodiazepines or benzos, are prescription sedatives. Although they have a calming effect, they are highly addictive. Benzo addiction can cause physical, psychological, and behavioral symptoms such as:
- Blurred vision
- Poor judgment or thinking
- Inability to stop using even when you want to
- Mood swings
- Risk-taking behaviors
- Combing benzos with alcohol and other drugs
- Withdrawal symptoms
Because withdrawal symptoms can be severe and even life-threatening, seeking a medical detox program is crucial.
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Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
There is a wide variety of substance abuse treatment programs to meet each individual’s needs and situations. The best treatment programs will offer a continuum-of-care treatment plan. This plan adjusts with a person’s treatment journey to ensure the best possible outcomes. At LUNA Recovery, our programs for substance abuse treatment in Texas include:
Inpatient or Residential Treatment
Residential treatment programs offer structured treatment to individuals in their treatment centers. Individuals live at the facility and receive medical care and mental health support around the clock.
Inpatient or residential treatment programs typically last from 28 days to months, depending on the individual’s recovery journey. Once a person completes inpatient treatment, they often transition into an outpatient program.
Outpatient Treatment (OP)
Outpatient rehab programs offer people flexible treatment schedules to continue with their daily responsibilities. Because outpatient programs are not strictly structured, they effectively treat mild and moderate addictions.
Outpatient programs offer step-down programs depending on the individual’s needs and stage of recovery.
Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP)
A partial hospitalization program (PHP) is a highly structured outpatient program. Often the next step after completing residential treatment, people attend partial hospitalization programs every day for 4 to 6 hours a day. PHPs typically involve psychotherapy, group therapy, and skill-building lessons.
Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)
Intensive outpatient programs or IOPs offer intensive treatment while allowing people to still handle their responsibilities at home or work. People generally attend therapy a few times a week, including individual and group therapy.
An IOP can be beneficial if:
- You completed inpatient treatment
- You are in early addiction and have a trusted support system at home
- You have family commitments that prevent you from being away for extended periods of time
- You can’t afford inpatient treatment but have a strong desire for recovery
Medical Detox Programs
Depending on the substance, withdrawal symptoms can be severe and even life-threatening. Medical detox programs offer a safe, medically supervised environment to detox off drugs and alcohol. Doctors may use drugs to ease the discomfort depending on the withdrawal symptoms. Detox is generally the first step in recovery and allows people to enter therapy with a clear mind.
LUNA Recovery Services Offers the Following Substance Abuse Treatments
At LUNA Recovery Services, we offer a range of treatment programs to meet the needs of every individual. With help from our addiction specialists, you can choose the best treatment for you, including:
- Residential or inpatient treatment
- Partial Hospitalization Program
- Intensive Outpatient Program
What Makes Substance Abuse Treatment Modalities Effective?
Treating substance abuse and addiction is more than just ridding the body of drugs and alcohol. Without treating the underlying causes of addiction, a person will leave rehab and relapse. Therapy gives you the tools you need to cope with stress positively and healthily.
Therapy for addiction addresses the causes of drug and alcohol abuse. Evidence-based therapies are incredibly effective in treating addictions and co-occurring mental health disorders.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, or CBT, helps individuals understand how their thoughts and feelings encourage substance abuse and risk their recovery. Through mindfulness, people learn to notice unhealthy thoughts and change them to positive ones. CBT effectively treats anxiety, eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive disorders.
Motivational enhancement therapy or motivational interviewing (MI) helps individuals find the inner drive to succeed in recovery. This therapy is often combined with CBT to increase the benefits and chances of lasting recovery.
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How Long Does A Patient Stay in Substance Abuse Treatment?
The amount of time a person stays in substance abuse treatment in Texas depends on several factors. A person with a severe drug and/or alcohol addiction will spend more time in treatment than a person with a mild addiction.
Common lengths of stay for substance abuse treatment include:
- 7+ days in a detox program
- 30-day programs
- 60-day programs
- 90-day programs
While the most common treatment stays are up to 90 days, some individuals spend a year or more in treatment. However, for many people, insurance coverage depends on the length of time they spend in treatment.
Substance Abuse Treatment Plans Must Be Continually Modified to Meet a Person’s Needs
A patient’s initial treatment plan is created with the knowledge the therapist and patient have at the time. As treatment progresses, therapy may not be effective and needs to be changed.
Or during a therapy session, something may come to light that can benefit from a different treatment. For these reasons, it is important for therapists to constantly monitor patients and adjust their treatment plans to meet their needs.
Receive Care At Our Substance Abuse Treatment Centers in Texas
If you or someone you love is struggling with substance abuse, it is time to get help. At LUNA Recovery Services, we provide compassionate, individualized treatment to help you overcome substance abuse and any co-occurring mental health disorders.
With help through private insurance and other insurance coverage, we help you explore all payment options for treatment. Contact us today to find out how you can achieve lasting recovery.