Rebellion, peer pressure, and experimenting are trademarks of being a teenager. And despite talking about the dangers of drugs and alcohol, teens sometimes use them. As a parent, this can be frightening. But there is help out there for teenage drug addiction. Knowing the signs of addiction in teens is crucial to getting your child help.
LUNA Recovery has a program for treating adolescents with substance abuse problems. Our inpatient treatment services include family therapy sessions and support as well as individual and group therapy to learn how to overcome alcohol or drug addiction.
The Monitoring the Future survey is given to eighth, 10th, and 12th-grade students every year. This survey asks about substance use and their feelings about drug abuse. 2021 saw the most significant decrease in one year since 1975.
The most significant decline was in alcohol, marijuana, and vaping nicotine. This decline came after a sharp increase in vaping nicotine and marijuana in 2017 and 2019. However, there was a rise in teens feeling anxious, depressed, lonely, and bored which are risks for using drugs or alcohol.
BRAIN AND BODY DEVELOPMENT IN TEENS
Research shows a person doesn’t reach full maturity until the mid-20s. However, 18-year-olds are considered legal adults. Unfortunately, at this age, the areas of the brain that make decisions, solve problems, and control behaviors are making the most significant changes.
Teens are more likely to take dangerous risks. This includes behaviors like drinking alcohol, using drugs, and even driving while intoxicated. No wonder there is a big jump in death rates between early and late adolescence.
The teen years are loaded with hormonal changes, the desire to be cool and fit in, and peer pressure. If a group of teens is drinking or doing drugs, peer pressure can cause other teens to join in. Since the brain and body are still developing, substance use can affect development.
DOES DRUG ABUSE STUNT BRAIN DEVELOPMENT?
Research on brain development shows the adolescent and teen brain is susceptible to the effects of drug use. This means they are highly vulnerable to developing an addiction or substance use disorder.
Age is an important factor in the likelihood of developing a substance use disorder (SUD). The sedative effects of alcohol and some drugs affect teens less than adults. This lowered sensitivity increases the risk of overdose and even death.
Heavy and frequent drug use inhibits the brain from developing fatty tissue around the brain cells. This fatty tissue helps with nervous system function and comprehending and retaining information. Whether a teen uses drugs for a short time or long-term, it can cause damage to the brain.
Drugs affect brain development in teens because they:
- Interfere with neurotransmitters and damages connections within the brain
- Reduce the ability to experience pleasure
- Cause memory issues
- Inhibit the development of perceptual abilities
- Ingrain bad habits into the brain
It is easier for teens to get marijuana and prescription pills than it was for their parents. So, it is essential to talk with your teen, know their friends, and watch for changes in their behaviors. If you suspect your teen is using drugs, it is important to seek professional teen addiction treatment programs.
HOW DOES ALCOHOL ABUSE AFFECT THE LIVER AND BRAIN?
Short-term alcohol use produces feelings of relaxation and lowers inhibitions in teens. Their brain activity slows, and the euphoric feelings can be addictive. The long-term effects of alcohol can be detrimental to the adolescent brain.
Long-term effects of alcohol include:
- Disrupts brain development
- Kills brain cells
- Liver damage and cirrhosis of the liver
- Decrease in brain mass – disrupts learning and comprehension
- Stomach ulcers
- Destroys organs
- Increases blood pressure – increases the risk of stroke or heart attack
- Lowers iron and vitamin B causing anemia
Underage drinking can have tragic consequences. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, about 5000 young adults die yearly from underage drinking. This includes:
- 1900 deaths from vehicle accidents
- 1600 deaths from homicides
- 300 deaths from suicide
Other deaths occur from falls, burns, and drownings. Despite the consequences, teens still drink alcohol. This is because the part of the brain that connects short-term actions with long-term consequences isn’t fully developed.
WHICH DRUGS ARE MOST FREQUENTLY USED BY TEENS?
It’s great that substance use is declining in eighth, 10th, and 12th graders, according to the Monitoring the Future survey. However, teens are still using drugs and alcohol, with some being more popular than others.
Teens use alcohol the most often. More than one in three 12th graders report getting drunk at least once. They also report using the following substances at least once in the past year:
- Marijuana – 36.4%
- Amphetamines – 8.7%
- Synthetic marijuana – 7.9%
- Prescription painkillers – 7.1%
- Cough medicine – 5%
- Sedatives – 4.8%
- Tranquilizers – 4.6%
- Hallucinogens – 4.5%
- Ecstasy – 4%
Of all amphetamines used, Adderall is most often used by 12th graders, with 7.4 percent using it in the past year. The most used prescription painkillers are Oxycontin at 3.6 percent and Vicodin at 5.3 percent.
SIGNS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN ADOLESCENTS
As a parent, you probably know your child better than anyone else. You have watched their personalities and behaviors change; some are not so good. But various behavior and psychological signs may indicate drug or alcohol use or addiction in teens.
- Bloodshot eyes
- Changes in appetite
- Changes in sleeping patterns
- Significant weight gain or loss
- Frequent nose bleeds or runny nose
- Poor hygiene/unkempt appearance
- Shakes or tremors
- Slurred or incoherent speech
- Impaired coordination
- Paranoia, anxiety, irritability, fidgety
- Change in attitude
- Trouble staying focused
- Track marks on arms or legs
- Enlarged pupils
- Sweaty palms
- Puffy or swollen face
- Sores around the mouth
- Avoiding eye contact
- Breaking curfew
- Being irresponsible
- Frequently asking for money
- Stealing valuables or prescription medication
- Being secretive
- Isolating from friends and family
- New unknown friends
- Lying and making excuses
- Skipping school/ grades slipping
- Being rebellious
- No interest in hobbies or activities
- Change in personality or attitude
- Mood swings, laughing at nothing, angry outbursts
- Unusual agitation or hyperactivity
- Lack of motivation
- Appearing fearful, anxious, withdrawn
Teens often exhibit these signs regardless of drug use. As a result, it can be hard to know when to seek help for addiction. If your teen is showing severe versions of these signs, it is crucial to sit and have a calm conversation about your suspicions.
HOW TO TALK TO YOUR CHILD ABOUT DRUG USE
Although drug and alcohol use is declining in teens, studies show parents can further reduce the chance their teen uses drugs or alcohol by having honest and open discussions. If you are unsure how to talk to your kids about drugs and alcohol, you should contact a professional in teen addiction.
IT’S NEVER TOO EARLY TO TALK TO YOUR TEEN ABOUT ADDICTION
Every child and teen is different and experiences different things. For some kids, having “the talk” about drugs and alcohol needs to happen sooner than for other kids. Some parents never have “the talk,” while others start talking about the dangers of drugs when their kids are small.
If you are like many parents and wonder when the right age is to have “the talk,” experts say that between the ages of eight and ten is a good time to start. While you can wait longer, you should know most kids interact with people who use drugs and alcohol by age 11.
Additionally, 62 percent of teens admit they had their first full drink by age 15. Talking openly with your child can give them the tools to make smart decisions and avoid dangerous situations.
When talking to your teen about drugs and alcohol, you should:
- Ask what they already know
- Talk about the risks
- Warn them about peer pressure and how to make positive choices
- Set clear expectations
- Stay positive
- Be honest about your experiences
- Continue talking about drugs, alcohol, and addiction in teens
FINDING ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT IN TEXAS
It is so important to have regular check-ins and conversations with your teen. If it appears your teen is under the influence at any time, it is crucial to seek substance abuse treatment. The sooner you get help, the quicker your child returns to a healthy lifestyle.
Your family physician can help you find a licensed counselor trained in addiction in teens. Along with helping find a counselor, a physician can test for drug use and do a physical and psychological exam. These tests can determine the severity of use and how much damage has been done.
Treatment options for teen drug addiction or alcohol abuse include:
- Detoxification: Drug detox in Houston is the first step to get your teen drug or alcohol addiction treatment. Detox programs include 24 hour care and medication to cope with withdrawal symptoms.
- Inpatient Treatment: Residential addiction treatment programs in Houston include a 30 to 90-day stay. During this time individuals receive intensive care, addiction treatment, and therapy.
- Outpatient Treatment Programs: Our outpatient drug rehab program in Houston, Texas, include traditional outpatient therapy, a partial hospitalization program, and intensive outpatient treatment.
- Aftercare Programs: Aftercare programs teach relapse prevention skills and help individuals transition out of addiction treatment programs. In Aftercare, teens learn skills and coping strategies to maintain sobriety.
- Addiction Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and family therapy for substance abuse are all addiction therapies we offer at LUNA.
PREVENTING FUTURE ADDICTION IN TEENS
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), more than one in five parents believe they have little influence on their teen’s substance use. However, teen surveys show parents greatly impact teen drug use and addiction.
A parent’s relationship with their child and teen is key to preventing them from making unhealthy life-altering decisions. These seven tips can help all parents minimize the risk of addiction in teens.
- Know who your child’s friends are to ensure they’re positive influences.
- Be a good role model for your kids.
- Create a positive environment to build confidence in your teens.
- Talk to your teens about drug abuse early.
- Talk about peer pressure and how to handle these situations.
- Pay attention to your teen’s behavior.
ADDICTION TREATMENT AT LUNA CAN HELP YOU RECOVER
If you suspect your teen is using drugs or alcohol, it’s time to seek professional help before they develop a substance abuse problem. At Luna Recovery Services, we offer programs to help teens and young adults find lasting addiction recovery. Contact us today to find out more.